2.4 DUTIES OF CITIZENS

(A) CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS.

  • According to Article 51 A of the Constitution of India, it is the duty of every citizen of India to safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
  • Every person is bound to assist a Magistrate or Police Officer reasonably demanding his aid in the taking or preventing the escape of any other person whom such Magistrate or Police Officer is authorized to arrest, or in the prevention or suppression of a breach of the peace, or in the prevention of any damage attempted to be committed to any public property.

(B) TO GIVE INFORMATION OF COMMISSION OF OR OF INTENTION TO COMMIT CERTAIN OFFENCES.

  • Every person, aware of the commission of or of the intention of any other person to commit certain offences, is required by law to forthwith furnish the information to the nearest Magistrate or Police Officer or such commission or intention. This includes offences against the State or against the public tranquility, offences relating to illegal gratification, adulteration of food and drugs etc, offences affecting life, offences of theft after preparation made for causing death, hurt or restraint, robbery and dacoity, criminal breach of trust by public servant, etc, mischief against property, house-trespass, lurking house trespass, and offences relating to currency notes and bank notes.

(C) TO RENDER ASSISTANCE TO THE PUBLIC SERVANT

  • Whoever, being bound by law to render or furnish, assistance to any public in the execution of his public duty, intentionally omits to give such assistance, shall be liable for punishment, Similarly, if such assistance is demanded of him by a public servant legally competent to make such demand for the process of executing any process lawfully issued by a Court of Justice, or of preventing the commission of an offence, or of suppressing a riot, or affray, or of apprehending a person charged with or guilty of an offence, or of having escaped from lawful custody, the person concerned will be liable for punishment.

(D) TO ALLOW POLICE FOR SEARCH

  • If any person acting under a warrant of arrest, or any Police Officer having authority to arrest, has reason to believe that the person to be arrested has entered into, or is within any place, any person who is residing in or is in charge of such place, shall, on demand of such person acting as aforesaid or such Police Officer, allow him to enter the said place, and afford all reasonable facilities for search therein.
  • If any such place is an important in the actual occupancy of a female (not being the person to be arrested) who according to custom, does not appear in public, such person or Police Officer shall, before entering such apartment, give notice to such female that she is at liberty to withdraw from the apartment and shall afford her every reasonable facility for doing so, and may then break open the apartment and enter it.